Monday, February 24, 2020

Course Project - Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Course Project - Report - Assignment Example energy needs. 4) To give a personal opinion regarding the hydraulic fracturing process and the laws that should be instituted. INTRODUCTION Hydraulic fracturing refers to a process used to extract gas or oil from beneath the earth’s surface by pumping liquid at high pressure to the subsurface rocks. The pressure in this liquid is enough to fracture the rocks thus establishing interconnected networks of fractures that are then used as pores for the oil and gas to move to the bored well. It is from this well that the final extraction is done. The process has been so far effective and efficient in so far as extraction of oil and natural gas is concerned (Wilber, 2012). Nonetheless, various legal and environmental issues have been raised regarding the process. Its impacts on the environment have not augured well with a majority of the environmentalists. Similarly, various legal concerns have been raised and they vary from one state to the next. In this paper, I seek to present a r eport on the hydraulic fracturing process, the legal and environmental issues, as well as offer some of recommendations regarding the process. DISCUSSION Hydraulic fracturing process raises various issues both legally and environmentally. The water contamination by the chemicals used during the fracking process has brought out legal issues of strict liability where individuals have asserted harm from such contaminated water. In a Pennsylvanian case of Fiorentino v. Cabot Oil & Gas Corp., No. 09-cv-2284 (M.D. Pa. November 15, 2010), the plaintiff seeks action to be taken against the oil and gas company. This follows the alleged contamination of the plaintiff’s water by methane and other toxins. The court refused to dismiss this case and hence opened a look into allowing plaintiff come up with a claim of strict liability against the hydraulic fracturing companies (U.S. ENVTL. PROT. AGENCY, 2009). The other legal issue presented by the hydraulic fracturing is who is to be held r esponsible in cases of harm occasioned by the process. From the Fiorentino v. Cabot Oil & Gas, it appears that it becomes an issue to the courts to determine the liability of the fracturing company and hence seeks to follow up and develop a rule suitable for this situation. Strict liability seems to have been inapplicable in such issues from the way the defendant presents his case in these proceedings. While various states are embracing this process in gas and oil extraction, other states have banned it and hence are an illegal process. However, some states have left the discretion to the local leaders to decide whether the process should be permitted or not. Permitting such a process is done after various considerations depending on the local leaders take on the public health and safety in case of a flag to engage in the extraction process. The environmental concerns so raised by the hydraulic process are vast and alarming. First, there is a threat of contamination of the underground water brought about by the spillage of the gases and oil extracted. Most of this underground water is a source of drinking water to many, both human and the animals. In an event of contamination of the drinking water then the vast population is affected. Secondly the use of a lot of water from the ground water and the surface water during drilling and the hydraulic fracturing brings a lot of stress to these water suppliers. The drilling and fracturing

Saturday, February 8, 2020

Course Project - Best Buy Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Course Project - Best Buy - Research Paper Example In 1981, Schulze attended a weeklong management seminar which made him take a step in expanding the Sound of Music’s to include VCRs and other appliances. Later on in 1984 he introduced the superstore format which greatly expanded warehouse sizes and product offerings leading to quick capture a large portion of the market (Pederson & Gant, 2004). During the late 1980s, competitive companies were established since they realized the huge profits made by Best Buy Company from the superstore format and from the sale of hot ticket consumer items such as VCRs (Pederson & Gant, 2004). Highland Superstores a chief competitor to Best Buy Company, made it decline its net earnings after entering Best Buy’s core Twin Cities market in early 1987 (Pederson & Gant, 2004). For some time, both companies benefited from the market share increases and profits, but finally the market was overcrowded by other stores who were competing for the same dollars. The decreased profits by Best Buy Company made Schulze come up with the idea of building Concept II stores in 1989, which would make the company more noticeable from the competition since the average customer recognized little difference among the superstores (Votteler, 2002). The idea behind Concept II stores was to ensure that shoppers were entering electronic discount stores which had limited need for sales aid and a desire for hassle free buying which would ensure no waiting for merchandise from the back room or switching from counter to counter. Thus, the Best Buy stores would have well stocked showrooms, fewer salespeople, more self help product information, one stop purchasing of products and answer centers for those with questions. These were some of the best effective strategies used by Best Buy Company to fight off competition. In April 1991, Highland stores exited the metropolitan area, conceding defeat and

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Elective Affinities by Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe Essay Example for Free

Elective Affinities by Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe Essay Edward and Charlotte are a middle-aged couple, happily married, and who live comfortably in a considerable estate in early 19th century Germany. Edward was an only child, and thus was accustomed to getting what he wanted from life. Charlotte was a strong, level-headed woman, who, in spite of being at about the same age as Edward, displayed a character that was far more mature. The characters lived a relaxed, nobleman’s life, and Charlotte spent most of her time arranging and decorating the area around their land. The couple had loved each other in the past in their youth; however they were married to different people to satisfy the wishes of their parents. Both of their spouses died early, and Edward, after traveling abroad, came back and married Charlotte. The two were discussing their great fortune at still having time to cherish the moments they never had in their youth, but Edward had other plans. His best friend, the Captain, wanted a job that would suit his multiple talents, and Edward felt obliged to hire him and have him stay with them. Charlotte opposed the idea at first, but assented afterwards, but revealing to Edward that she felt the same with Ottilie, her niece who was not adjusting very well to school. The Captain was the first to arrive at the estate. In little time he got acquainted with his surroundings, and set about to change them to what he felt was better taste than what Charlotte has done. Charlotte became busy with other things, including correspondence with officials from the school where her daughter, Luciana, and Ottilie were studying. Luciana was a great student and she was always at the top of her class. Ottilie, on the other hand, was a shy and timid student, but the Assistant to the superior saw a potential in Ottilie that nobody else did. Edward, Charlotte and the Captain were enjoying each other’s company, and on one particular discourse they discussed among them the elective affinities, the tendencies of chemical species to combine with certain substances in preference to others. They related the somewhat obscure subject matter to themselves, and whether these affinities apply to human relationships too, unknowingly foreshadowing their ultimate fates. Ottilie arrived at the estate shortly afterwards, and although a timid girl, she was exceedingly beautiful that the company was inspired by her presence. She quickly became efficient at managing the household, which delighted Charlotte, who was spending more and more time with the Captain due to her desire to see the fruits of his plans for the estate. Edward then, found himself spending more time with Ottilie, who he quickly grew fond with. The plans for remodeling the estate were numerous, and the four all contributed plans towards the final end. Ottilie’s suggestion on the placement of a new house was unexpected because she was so timid, but everybody agreed with it. The Captain busied himself with the remodeling, and although he felt an attraction to Charlotte he thought the better of it and tried to stay away from her. However, he resolved to finish the new house’s foundation on Charlotte’s birthday, which he did. The day after Charlotte’s birthday, two visitors arrived at the estate, the Count and the Baroness, who were unmarried lovers as well. In observing their hosts’ situation, the Baroness deduced that Edward and Ottilie were lovers, The Count meanwhile had noticed the Captain’s usefulness, and intended to hire him, much to the hidden despair of Charlotte who was also very much in love with the Captain. With Ottilie still on his mind, Edward nevertheless goes to his wife and spends the night together with her. The day after, Ottilie revealed to Edward that she loved him, something that he was exceedingly happy about since he shared the intense feelings as well. Charlotte and the Captain had an adventure of their own, in which the Captain kissed her and apologizing afterwards. Charlotte recognized that she had an obligation to her husband, and thus cut short the affair with the Captain. Ottilie and Edward estranged themselves from the two others, while their passion grew with letters and secret correspondence with each other. Edward became busy with the preparations for Ottilie’s birthday, as the Captain was making preparations for his departure to the Count. On Ottilie’s birthday, Edward was ecstatic—he prepared an extravagant gift of cloth and made preparations for a big fireworks display. When a certain embankment fell to the water and almost caused the drowning of a party-guest, everybody felt that further festivities were no longer proper, except the now madly-in-love Edward. After the Captain’s departure, Charlotte tried to save their marriage by sending Ottilie away, but she failed when Edward, not knowing what to do, decided to go away himself. Otillie, saddened by the loss of her love, nevertheless kept her faith that he would come back for her. Edward wrote a letter to Charlotte that kept Otillie with her until Edward’s return. Charlotte learned shortly after that her night with Edward during the Count’s visit conceived a child, and through Mittler, her ambassador at the moment, relayed it to Edward, Mittler, a once-minister who thought all marriage is sacred, set to Edward to try to mend their matrimony. Upon learning of the news, Edward is more confused and sets off with a death wish to join the armed forces. By this time, the Architect, a pupil by the Captain, had taken over remodeling of the estate. With an affinity for the arts, Otillie becomes attached to the Architect, albeit only thinking of him as a comfortable brother. In Edward’s absence, Luciana returns from school with a bridegroom, and she magnifies the difference between her and the timid Otillie. After Luciana left, the Assistant comes to see Otillie—he too is in love with her, but Otillie’s heart is unattainable. She becomes attached to Edward and Charlotte’s baby, Otto. After his stint in the army, Edward returns with a clear mind—he is going to take Otillie for himself, and engages his best friend—now a Major—to help him get a separation from Charlotte. An accidental encounter along the lake reunites Edward and Otillie, but afterwards Otillie’s carelessness caused the drowning and death of Otto. When the Major arrives to tell Charlotte about Edward’s proposition, she is still shaken by the death of her son. Otillie, in guilt, resolved to renounce Edward and her love for him after the Major left. Plans were made to return Ottilie to school; however, Edward caught her in a hotel on the way there. Ottilie had renounced Edward, and thus spoke not a word to him, but she went back to the estate. Once back, Edward, the Major and Charlotte tried to make her speak once more, but she did not. In fact, she was starving herself secretly, and she died afterwards. In a short time, Edward, who could not live without Ottilie, found no reason to live either, and followed his love to the grave.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

A-Bomb yes? :: essays research papers

The relevance of the two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was that it ended World War II, which is the main goal of the any war so yes, it was necessary. The two bombs dropped mightconvince the Japanese any further resistance was futile, which worked. After the bombings, there were rumors of Japanese ready to surrender the next few day which claimed to make the two bombings â€Å"unnecessary†.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The generally accepted view that the Japanese would fight to the very end put that rumor at a very small percentage. The Japanese also wanted their current emperor to remain on throne and they were afraid that the surrendering terms would cause the Japanese to choose a new Emperor.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The atomic bomb lead America to the atomic age, causing it to build many thousands of nuclear bombs. Having the many nuclear bombs was a great defense, not for shooting, but to generally let countries know that â€Å"hey we have more nuclear weapons than you all combined† so that they would think twice, even three times before attacking America. The dropping of the first atomic bomb proved that by ending the war. The second dropping of the bomb was just as important to causing the Japanese to surrender as much as the first. Just two days after Hiroshima, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. Dropping the second bomb on Nagasaki would make the surrender of Japan inevitable. What would have happened had the A-bomb not been used? Of course, thewar would have continued. US forces; therefore, would have had to invade the home island of Japan. Doing so, would end in many casualties. American forces would not only have to fight Japanese forces, but Japanese civilians as well. The Japanese civilians may not seem like a lot compared to the U.S. forces, but the Japanese government had been giving the civilians weapons from guns to spears. With the overwhelming number of civilians compared to American Forces, it would prove to be a hard battle which could lead to many casualties. The number of Japanese civilian casualties could have been greater than that of the atomic bomb and it would have taken a longer period.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Chief of Staff predicted that the Japanese would have surrendered on September 1944, but they were still fighting. So there was no way of knowing if the Japanese were going to surrender or not.

Monday, January 13, 2020

An Analysis of Les Miserables’ Bring Him Home Essay

One of the most popular songs in Les Miserables is the song entitled Bring Him Home. It is sung by Jean Valjean in Act II of Les Miserables as a form of prayer to God in order for a young man named Marius to be able to return home to the woman he loves, Cosette (Guy & Llewelyn-Jones, ). The story behind the song is that Cosette was an orphan whom Jean Valjean had cared for who fell in love with the young man named Marius. However, Marius had become involved in a series of anti-government riots, which puts her relationship with Cosette in a very awkward position. Jean Valjean decides to help Marius get back to Cosette, and this song was his prayer (Guy and Llewelyn-Jones, ). The prominent theme in the song is the longing for the safety of another individual. It was, in a sense, finding happiness in the happiness of another, and the singer, Valjean, indicated that he wanted the young boy named Maruis to be able to be brought home safely, back to the arms of Cosette. Valjean sings to the Lord, appealing to Him, and trying to reason to Him, that Marius deserved to be able to go home. He sings: â€Å"He is young, he’s afraid, let him rest, heaven blessed. Bring him home. Bring him home. Bring him home† (NIEHS, n. d. ). Valjean goes on to sing that if he had a son, it would have been Marius, and despite the anti-government riots Marius had participated on, Valjean believes that he is a good man and he deserves to be able to have a shot at life for he is very young. In fact, Valjean even sings that: â€Å"You can take, you can give, let him be let him live. If I die, let me die. Let him leave, bring him home† (NIEHS, n. d. ). If one is to read this carefully, it would mean that Valjean’s song is saying that, it does not matter if he dies, as long as God spares this young man who is in love with Cosette and brings him home. References NIEHS. (n. d. ). Bring Him Home. Retrieved from http://kids. niehs. nih. gov/lyrics/bringhom. htm. Guy, A. & Llewelyn-Jones, I. (2004). A student’s guide to GCSE music: For the WJEC specification. London: Rhinegold Publishing Ltd.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Foreign Currency And International Trade - 1590 Words

Cooperation or Hegemony The main consequence of an exchange rate fluctuation for international trade is the risk for an exporter or an importer that the cost of foreign currency applied in business volumes will differ from the hoped and calculated. An exposition to foreign currency and a currency risk can make additional profits, and not just losses. However, being in an exposition to currency means relying on a case and most of businesspersons prefer not to allow their company being sensitive to unexpected changes. Therefore, the entities find methods of minimizing or complete elimination of exposition to foreign currency to plan business transactions and to predict profit more authentically (Frieden Lake 20). Importers aim to minimize exposition to foreign currency for the same reasons. Nonetheless, as well as in a case with the exporter, most of businesspersons prefer to minimize the exposition to foreign currency or to completely avoid it, and importers prefer to know precisely how many they should pay in currency, but not to take part in gambling on change of the currency rates. There are various methods of elimination of exposition to foreign currency performed by banks. In international trade, the exporter will make out a bill to the buyer in foreign currency, or the buyer will pay goods in foreign currency. The cost of import goods for the buyer or the cost of export goods for the seller can be increased or reduced because of change of the currency rates.Show MoreRelatedPolitical Factors That Affect International Business1020 Words   |  5 Pagesfactors that affect international business include† (Justin Ervin. Zachary Smith A.2008). One significant political environmental factor that influences international business operation is trade agreements. Countries frequently enter into trade treaties to further facilitate trade between themselves. Case in point, a European Union consisting of countries like France, Germany and Italy where the organizations of these member states can with few legal requirements, these international business haveRead MoreInternational Currency And International Trade1385 Words   |  6 PagesInternational currency basically means the currency that is used and held beyond the borders of the issuing country, not merely for transactions with that country’s residents but also, and importantly, for transactions between nonresidents (Kenen 2009). For a country that have an international currency, it would meet various benefits and costs which could be analyzed from both economic and political dimensions. It has be argued (Cohen 2012)that the main advantages is related to transactions costsRead MoreWhat Happens When There Is a Surplus of Imports Brought Into the Us1065 Words   |  5 PagesInternational Trade and Finance Speech What happens when there is a surplus of imports into the U S: A surplus of imports is good for consumers but bad for local business. We have to produce and manufacture in order to export. As our export trade shrinks, so does our workforce and economy. The surplus of imported cars for 2012 has exceeded the exportation by $152 billion. Also the shelf life of cars is 1 year. Every year at the end of the cycle the existing models are sold off at huge discountsRead MoreInternational Finance, Exchange Rates And Also Balance Of Payments1650 Words   |  7 PagesIn this paper I will be going over and discussing what international finance, exchange rates and also balance of payments. I will be talking about what they are, what they do, and how they affect us an economy and country. I will be discussing the basic definitions, and the basic concepts of their duties. First I will be going over international finance and the role it plays in our daily lives. Then I will discuss the price differences between items in the United States and Germany. I will add andRead MoreThe Trump Economic Pl Trade, Regulatory And Energy Policy Impacts, By Peter Navarro And Wilbur Ross Essay1440 Words   |  6 Pagesbe reviewing Donald Trump economic report, â€Å"Scoring the Trump Economic Plan: Trade, Regulatory and Energy Policy Impacts,† was written by Peter Navarro and Wilbur Ross. In addition to Jared Bernstein, â€Å"Dethrone ‘King Dollar,’† The New York Times, August 27, 2014. Neil Irwin, â€Å"The Trade Deficit Isn’t a Scorecard, and Cutting It Won’t Make America Great Again,† The New York Times, 3/27/2016 and Kenneth Rogoff, â€Å"Anti-Trade Rhetoric is a Recipe for Disaster,† The Boston Globe, 4/11/2016. Mr. NavarroRead MoreThe Challenges of the Dollar Being an Intenational Reserve and Investment Currency1626 Words   |  7 PagesThe U.S. dollar index has exhibited a clear long-term downward trend since 2002. This is a cause for concern among emerging markets because a large proportion of their foreign exchange reserves is held in dollar denominated assets. The dollar accounts for 62 percent of allocated foreign exchange reserves around the world and for 58 percent of the allocated reserves of emerging and developing economies . Most central banks would incur considerable losses on their investments if the depreciation ofRead MoreEco372International Trade and Finance Speech903 Words   |  4 PagesInternational Trade and Finance Speech ECO/372 June 7, 2012 International trade and finance speech Hello ladies and gentlemen hope you day is going well so fair. My name is Linda, I wanted to come out and speak with about the International trade and finance I will be handing out a booklet that show you what I will talking about if you should have an question write the down and I will try address them allRead MoreIntroduction. The Forward Premium Puzzle Can Be Referred1494 Words   |  6 Pagesfuture exchange trades at higher spot exchange rate compared to the domestic currency. Using descriptive measures, the forward premium can be measured as the difference between the forward rates. The prevailing spot rate and which also includes the domestic currency is expected to increase when the domestic interest rates (nominal) surpasses foreign interest rates (Lane, and Milesi†Ferretti, 2011). The premium puzzle can be well seen because the theory explains that if all currencies possess equalRead MoreInternational Trade and Finance1501 Words   |  7 PagesLinda Luc Duong International Trade and Finance ECO/372 August 27, 2012 Matthew J. Angner International Trade and Finance When there is a surplus of imports brought into the United States it means that the price of the products will drop. Companies in the United States are competing with the Chinese made products will suffer from price drops on goods. Lower prices on goods will benefit consumers. Large screen Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and High Definition Television (HDTV) is a good exampleRead MoreEffect of Exchange Rates on International Marketing1647 Words   |  7 PagesDefinitions Foreign Exchange Markets Foreign exchange market is a ‘market that trades the currencies of different countries. The foreign exchange market is in actual fact a series of different markets, each exchanging the currency of one nation for that of another nation. A foreign exchange market sets the price of one currency in terms of the other; a price termed the foreign exchange rate, or simply exchange rate’ ( Factors that influence foreign exchange rates are the

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Life After Truth - Original Writing Essay - 885 Words

Life After Truth The day I found out that my parents were actually my grandparents was the most surreal day of my entire life. I woke up thinking that I knew who I was, only to have that shattered in a matter of minutes. I never had any idea that I was adopted until the day my â€Å"parents† finally decided to tell me. They had always been my parents, and I knew I did not look like them, but I always joked around and claimed I was the mailman’s daughter. I never knew that I was not their biological child. Finding out this information was a hard thing to take in, but it is something that I have come to appreciate. The day my adoptive parents told me that I was adopted was the day I questioned everything. I remember the day my parents told me I was adopted like it was yesterday. I was in seventh grade sitting in Coach Woods’s third period class, when the secretary called for me to check out. I walked into the parking lot and saw my dad sitting in his truck waiting for me. My first instinct was to freak out and wonder what was wrong because my dad had never checked me out of school before. I got in the truck and immediately started asking him what was wrong and if someone had died. He just laughed at me and assured me nothing was wrong. He said that he just wanted to spend some time with me. We went to the beauty salon where my mom worked, and she and my older sister, Jennifer, walked outside. I remember my sister saying â€Å"when I was fifteen, I found out I was pregnant with you,Show MoreRelatedWork Report, English Extension 21534 Words   |  7 PagesYear 12 English Extension 2 Work Report â€Å"Children and fools speak the truth† From the many different options of major works available in Extension 2, I chose to write a short story as the creative aspect of this option was appealing. The reality of this course was not exactly what I had initially expected, and the first two terms which were nearly purely investigative were challenging. I believe that if I had begun writing earlier, and implementing research only when necessary, I would have madeRead MoreThe And It Ups And Downs1655 Words   |  7 Pagesimagination. For this approach, the truth can be found only in text. Furthermore, it is looking at teacher as the main giver of knowledge. Winterowd claims that â€Å"In the 1960s and 1970s, the Romantic tradition first manifested itself in composition largely as a reaction against Cuttent-Traditionnalism. To convey a sense of what was happening during what might be called the â€Å"Romantic Revolution† of the 1960s and 1970s† (39). From here, the birth of Expressivist writing instruction made a huge turn towardRead MoreUnderstanding Philosophy and Its Benefits1194 Words   |  5 Pagesare based upon the same reoccurring theme, the defense of the study of philosophy. Plato’s dialogues notable for their depth in a relatively narrow framework, attempt to argue the benefits of philosophical reasoning through essence, knowledge and truth. To understand the benefits of philosophy one must pose the question, what is philosophy? Ironically, philosophy in itself is a reflexive question. It is this bidirectional theory that makes philosophy so profoundly intellectual. It becomes reasonRead MoreMark D. Roberts s Can We Trust The Gospels?967 Words   |  4 Pagesby examining the contradictions of the Gospels. He recounts that he initially triggered historical accuracy of the Gospels. He questioned the authors’ reliance in writing the Gospels. He struggled with the truth in the Gospel records, because Mark was the first Gospel to be written and then Matthew and Luke used Mark in their writings. The book concludes how he discovered the reliability of the Gospels. While focusing on his primary question: Can we trust the Gospels? Roberts engaged two individualRead MoreArgumentative Essay On The Declaration Of Independence1086 Words   |  5 Pagesworking together. In his original draft, Jefferson writes, that all men are created equal independent (187). In the finished version of the Declaration of Independence, the term â€Å"independent† is not found in that sentence because it has been removed entirely. Adams and Franklin must have discarded this word because they feared that it would lead the citizens to believe that they did not need each other. When Jefferson uses the word in this context it contradicts the original purpose of the documentRead MoreResponse to Towards a Definition of Creative Nonfiction by Brett Lott761 Words   |  4 Pagesdefinition after one has practiced the art creative nonfiction. He reiterates this last point when he says that â€Å"any definition of true worth to you as a writer will and must come to yo u experientially†. Moreover, the true definition of the genre will come to the reader once he has made the effort to create a work of creative nonfiction. I found his next point regarding order also particularly intriguing. He states that creative nonfiction is an ordering of the chaos of one’s life and its eventsRead MoreMetafictional Elements in Ian Mcewans Atonement1255 Words   |  6 Pagesmany changes Briony made to her manuscript in her attempt to atone for her crime. Her attempt is, in my opinion, unsuccessful. Early on in the text, McEwan begins making subtle references to the process of writing and rewriting that occurs when creating a piece of fiction. For instance, after seeing her sister emerge dripping wet from the fountain outside, Briony considers asking Cecilia to explain the â€Å"prospect she was coming close to defining, at least emotionally† (40). This â€Å"definition wouldRead MoreWhich Bible Translation? Essay1341 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"The Bible is a special revelation from God to man of truths concerning Himself, His purposes, His plans, His will, man and his sinful nature, and God’s redemptive plan for man.† This quote by Gene Nowlin in his book The Paraphrased Perversion of the Bible summarizes the composition of the Bible. Throughout life, Christians grasp tightly to these words of God in hopes to inherit the Kingdom of God one day. In order to do this, they must study the Bible closely and apply it to their lives daily.Read MoreShakespeares Romeo and Juliet vs. West Side Story Essay735 Words   |  3 PagesRomeo Juliet vs. West Side Story Shakespeares is one of the most read writers ever and his writing was so successful that not just one group of people liked it. He did this by relating to his audience using universal truths. . Human emotions are not something that change over time and they are also known as universal truths; love, hate, revenge, and envy are all examples of universal truths. This play was so successful that many other movies have copied the plot but changed the scenery. OverRead MoreUnderstanding A Literary Work Of The Book Meaning 1645 Words   |  7 Pagesliterary work, especially the question that asks, who owns the book’s ‘meaning’. Even though the reader derives the meanings, they can discover the author’s original meaning as well as form their own interpretations. However, the main question revolves around which displays the most importance; the reader’s interpretation or the author’s original message. In 1967, Roland Barthes and E.D. Hirsch Jr. published two separate works that discuss this problem between the author and meaning. While each work